UUttarakhand, earlier Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India. It is sometimes called the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) as a result of many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found through the entire state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is recognized for its natural charm of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar as well as the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; and also the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. The state is divided into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, having a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city in the region, that is a railhead. The high court of the state is within Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times. Among the first major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas within the 2nd century BCE who practised an earlier type of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the initial presence of Buddhism in this region. Throughout the medieval period the area was consolidated underneath the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the region fell towards the Gurkha Empire of Nepal with the conclusion from the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 almost all of modern Uttarakhand was ceded to the British within the Treaty of Sugauli. Even though erstwhile hill kingdoms of explore uttarakhand devbhumi tourism were traditional rivals, the proximity of numerous neighbouring ethnic groups and also the inseparable and complementary nature of the geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds involving the two regions which further strengthened through the movement for statehood within the 1990s.
The natives from the state are generally called either Garhwali or Kumaoni based on their host to origin. According to the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand has a population of 10,116,752, rendering it the 19th most populous state in India. A big part of the population includes Rajputs and Brahmins. Greater than 88% of the population follow Hinduism. Muslims are the largest minority in the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being one other major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni along with other hilly dialects and sub-dialects are definitely the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is regarded as the widely spoken language. Uttarakhand is definitely the only state in India with Sanskrit among its official languages.
Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the region, the Ganga at Gangotri and also the Yamuna at Yamunotri. These two along with Badrinath and Kedarnath constitute the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for the Hindus. Their state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park of the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site based in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is known for the variety and rarity of their flowers and plants.
Each district is governed by a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further separated into sub-divisions, that are governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. Based on the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar are definitely the most populous districts, each of them possessing a population of more than 1 million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate since this land has, since olden days, been the land of Gods and sages. The land where excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. It has been the place to find legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land in the gods has several sites that link it for the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The fantastic Dronacharya meditated on the banks in the Tonnes river within the Doon valley whilst the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund can also be thought to be lokpal, a place existing from your times during Ramayana. It is stated that lokpal was where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal has become connected with lakshman, for being his favorite place. There are numerous stories about lakshman and his awesome attachment using this place. It is also believed that lakshman meditated from this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Even the Ganga, which was an integral part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness since it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself appears to be in deep meditation during these two sacred cities